Mike Saunders and Graham Morrison popped by the FSFE head office in Berlin to see how the organisation is spreading the word about FOSS.
You’ve almost certainly heard of the Free Software Foundation before. This is a US-based non-profit organisation set up by Richard Stallman, the creator of GNU, in 1985. Originally it was established to fund programmers, but over the years it has moved into other realms, handling legal issues and promoting Free Software.
Since 2001, a European spin-off has existed: the Free Software Foundation Europe (FSFE – www.fsfe.org). It’s a sister organisation of the FSF, but also a financially and legally separate entity. On a recent trip to Berlin, we poked our heads into the FSFE office to see how they work on a daily basis.
We spoke to Matthias Kirschner, the Vice President, and asked him what the organisation does: “Along with promotional materials like leaflets, which we provide to people who want to spread the word about Free Software, our other activities include lobbying work. We go to Brussels, participate in meetings, talk to people in the parliament and the European Council. We explain digital sovereignty, that you should control your own infrastructure and talk about device ownership.”
Dealing with politicians is tough, though, especially when they’re not technically inclined. Matthias described how in the early 2000s, when he approached politicians to talk about Free Software and related issues, he felt he was often dismissed. “They would think: who are these freaks, talking about source code and digital rights and stuff?” But as time went on, as more and more people started approaching their local politicians and MEPs about these issues, they had to take it more seriously – or at least, ask their staff to find out what it’s all about.
Along with lobbying, the FSFE works to distribute materials that help people to understand Free Software and the importance of having control of your own data and devices. The Snowden revelations have been particularly important in this respect, and in recent years the FSFE has moved from preaching to the choir – that is, telling people who already use GNU/Linux about the importance of Free Software – to spreading the word among the uninitiated:
“We have started to go to more events where Free Software is usually not represented. For instance, our Munich group has been to two street festivals, where they have a pavilion and give out information about Free Software. We hand out thousands of leaflets at street festivals in Düsseldorf too. Our Vienna group goes to a big game conference – they wanted to have more general information about Free Software, for people who don’t know what it is at all.”
When Citizenfour (a film covering the NSA spying scandal) hit the cinemas in Berlin, FSFE supporters stood in front of the cinemas, handing out leaflets explaining the importance of email encryption and how to use GnuPG. In one cinema in the UK, these leaflets were also handed out when people bought tickets, so this targeting is becoming increasingly important to the FSFE.
This good work can only happen if the organisation is well funded. Thankfully, it is. “Around one third of our donations come from our Fellowship”, says Matthias, “those are sustaining members. The rest is from company donations or one-time donations from individuals. Sometimes we also have EU projects that provide funds. Then there are speaker fees and merchandise, but the main thing is donations.”
For the 2014 European elections, the FSFE created the “Free Software Pact” a document that candidates for the European Parliament could sign saying that they favour Free Software and will protect it from potentially harmful legislation (www.freesoftwarepact.eu). 162 candidates signed up, and 33 were elected.
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We were also curious to learn about Richard Stallman’s involvement in the FSFE today. Matthias explained that for daily jobs and short-term projects, they don’t coordinate with him all the time. “But sometimes Richard sees something and gets involved. Like, we originally had a Free Your Android page on our website. It was just a simple wiki page. But Richard emailed and said: ‘This is a nice campaign, but you should change X and Y and Z, and that would make it better’.”
But what would happen if Stallman were to step down? Matthias doesn’t think this is likely any time soon – he may go slower as the years roll on, but his passion and enthusiasm are as strong as ever. But Matthias also noted that Free Software has become much bigger than just a single personality, and the principles are what really drives the movement now.
At the end of our visit, we asked Matthias if he was happy with what the Free Software Foundations have achieved so far. He noted that a lot has been done, but it’s a long-term battle, comparing it to freedom of the press. That didn’t come in overnight, but was a long process and has to be maintained and fought for. Free Software is doing well, but to get it into more government, schools and other public institutions, a long slog is required.
“We have to fight for our freedoms, again and again and again. But it’s important to recognise your successes as well. Look at all the devices around the world running Free Software. Look at all those companies that thought Free Software was a virus in the IT field, and now they publish their work under Free Software licences. Lots of companies now talk about Free Software as if they invented it!”